- Selection of your alpaca
- Breed Standards
- Fleece Colour
- When you first get your alpaca home
- Stocking density
- Moving animals to yards
- Identification of your animal
- Record keeping
- Our industry
- Light weight so that it doesn’t bother the alpaca
- Simply to attach or remove (refer picture below)
- Attaches to the existing IAR tag
- Laser cut and engraved from UV resistant outdoor sign material
- No need to punch another hole in your alpacas ears
- Great marketing tool to impress your visitors
- Great way to identify alpaca guests at your stud.
- We have found that Black on white is easiest to read but if you want to colour code your herd we can assist
The new Lazatag range combines the latest manufacturing technologies into the production of a product; designed by the customers for the customer this leading edge development has proven another winner in the Allflex stable of products.
It is critical, to prevent damage when applying Electronic Tags, that the insert is removed.
|Sheep tags - Flock & Flexitag |
An ideal tagging option for those Wool and Meat Producers looking for a good quality tag at an economical cost.
|Security Brass tags |
This product has been held in high regard for years as a back up tag for the Dairy industry and a stud tag for Sheep and Cattle Breeders.
ApplicatorBrass security tags are applied using the One-shot applicator.
The uniqueness of this applicator means that no pre-cutting of a hole in the ear is required as the tag itself performs the cut.
By using the wand you won’t crowd your animals and make them nervous and reactive.
These wands are ideal for leading, initial work with legs and accept handling all over the body. They are especially useful for fearful animals. For herding and sorting you will want two wands.
The fiberglass wand is 4’ long and white in color for greater visibility. The wand’s balance and stiffness set it apart from other options and make it much more effective for training.
The wand features a flat button on the end rather than a handle, excellent for scooping up dropped lead ropes.
Johne’s disease Market Assurance Programs (JDMAP)
Johnne's disease (JD) is a serious wasting disease that thickens the intestinal walls and blocks normal food absorption in a variety of species. The 9 bacterial isolates of JD which have been found to cause disease in alpacas and llamas also affect cattle, goats and deer. Treatment is not possible. JD bacteria can survive in the environment for months to years, but bacteria do not multiply in environment. Direct costs to livestock industries in Australia are large, due to increased culling, weight loss, production loss (milk, meat, and wool), predisposition to other diseases and deaths. Indirect costs include loss of markets, restriction of animal movements and potential reduction in land values.
Young animals up to 1 year of age (especially the first 30 days of life) are susceptible to JD infection, but older Camelids may become infected. Animals become infected by eating faeces (e.g. on teats of dam) containing JD bacteria. Bacteria live in small intestine and are shed in faeces. Once infected, animals never revert to infection-free state. Clinical disease may be precipitated by stresses including parturition, low plane of nutrition, concurrent bacterial infection and social stress. Clinically infected animals may be ill-thrifty, lose weight despite a good appetite, and die after 1-6 months.
Transmission is by faecal ingestion, in utero infection and via the milk. The likely ways of infecting a camelid herd are by:
- introducing infected cattle, goats, deer or Camelids (including strays, agisted animals, shared bulls/machos etc)
- clean animals moving/straying onto contaminated land then returning to infect the herd
- contaminated faeces entering the property via a channel/river/drain
- introduction of infected milk e.g. goat/cow colostrum
- dirty stock trucks
Early diagnosis of JD in the live animal is difficult because bacteria grow slowly and do not stimulate the immune system in such a way that blood testing may detect an immunological response. For this reason, blood testing is not used to detect JD in Camelids in Australia. Few bacteria are excreted in the faeces in the early stages of infection and JD bacteria grow very slowly. Faecal culture, the definitive test for JD in Camelids in Australia, therefore takes 6-12 weeks.
Legal obligations – JD is a notifiable disease (for example in Victoria, under the Livestock Diseases Control Act 1994). Owners have a responsibility to notify their local Department of Agriculture if JD is suspected or confirmed on their property.
There are 3 mains forms of herd assurance available to producers to minimize risk of introducing JD into their herd:
- Zoning. Different regions of Australia are zoned according to the level of disease risk. Disease control standards and movement restrictions are agreed for zones of different status. Go to www.aahc.com.au to see which zone you are in.
- Check testing. A negative test of 50 adult animals in a herd with no suspicion of JD infection. Animals selected for testing are those in poorer condition, older or introduced from other herds. There are no herd management requirements, the test provides a low level of assurance but is NOT an Alpaca MAP status.
- Market assurance programs - Alpaca MAP is a voluntary, standardized national quality assurance program. The broad roles of the Alpaca MAP are to protect 'clean' regions, protect non-infected herds, contain infection and control the effects of disease.
Requirements for entry onto the Alpaca MAP by Non-Assessed herds:
- Herd and property risk assessment.
- Creation of a Farm Management Plan to minimize risk of introducing JD onto the property.
- Faecal culture of all Camelids over 1 year of age to SCREEN herd.
- Follow-up investigation of reactors (by further faecal culture or post-mortem).
- If all testing is negative, then the herd is allocated MN1 status.
- JDMAP properties undergo an annual audit to remain on the program. Animal testing is carried out every 2 years until herds reach MN3 status, then testing occurs every 3 years.
Herds participating in the Alpaca MAP provide a pool of animals from which buyers can source Camelids with a low risk of buying an infected animal, facilitate movement of low risk Camelids between zones, allow herds to demonstrate their status so they can sell breeding animals and reduce the risk of JD being spread at shows and sales.
As testing has been unreliably slow, costly, and sometimes will give false positives, a lot of farms did not go through the testing phase, as in the early days, of JD, strict movement rules were put into place by the Assoc, which has contributed in the success of not spreading the disease through out the industry.
Even cria only weeks old can display symptoms, although whether this is passed through dam's milk, or ingested directly, is unclear.
Research has been done in sheep that indicates that there is a strong genetic susceptibility to ryegrass staggers.
WHAT DOES RYE GRASS STAGGERS LOOK LIKE?
It is sometimes hard to notice the early stages of ryegrass staggers. It usually begins with a slight tremor of the head that is most noticeable when an animal is stressed. It can worsen quite quickly and a noticeable shake may soon appear. In bad cases an animal will stagger violently, trip over and even fall down.
The symptoms of the damage become exaggerated when the alpaca is under any form of stress, including management, and
Staggers tends to affect alpacas grazing the seed heads, as the endophyte concentrates in the forming seed heads,
What actually happens when susceptible alpacas graze on high endophyte concentrations is that the toxin in the endophyte has a specific damaging effect on the cells of the part of their brain that co-ordinates movement. The damage can quickly become permanent. It can be prevented, and mitigated by pasture and animal management, and treatment in its early stages. It cannot be cured.
It is worth noting that Rye Grass is not the only grass to create "staggers-type" symptoms. In sheep, staggers symptoms have been noted to a very extreme extent on Phalaris grass pastures, and similar "rye grass" symptoms can be seen in animals suffering from a magnesium deficiency.
PREVENTION AND MANAGEMENT:
Prevention is by far the best way of managing this problem, and prevention starts with pasture management.
Either do not have endophyte rye grasses in your pastures, or have some paddocks that are free of endophyte rye grass to keep your most susceptible animals in at the high-risk times of year. However, because most basic farm paddocks are primarily endophyte rye grass, for most of us that means spraying out and re-sowing paddocks - an expensive, time- consuming, and not always successful process.
Next, if you have rye grass paddocks, practice regular topping of these paddocks to avoid seed head creation. Avoid these paddocks if they are well eaten down during drought, and especially in periods of lush growth following drought.
If you do have alpacas that develop rye grass staggers, there are a number of early stage mitigation techniques, but the most important is to remove the affected alpacas immediately and entirely from the rye grass. Because stress exaggerates the staggers effect, taking a couple of companion animals along as well for company will minimise the stress of being isolated form the herd. Move them onto a specially sown paddock, or feed hay. But remember that hay made from toxic endophyte rye grass will itself retain the toxicity, as hay!
Anecdotally, we have found that the following can assist in aiding an alpaca in the early stages of rye grass staggers:
- Cocktail Vitamin B (e.g. mulitject - B) or Thiamine (B1), or "B Calm" injections.
- Drenching with EHE (a horse mix of Cider Vinegar, Manuka Honey and Garlic) -- alpacas actually really love this mixture!
- Drenching with Mycrosorb product used for staggers in horses that is supposed to actually stimulate excretion of the toxin.
The foot of the llama and alpaca is divided into two and each half has a toenail which grows like the hoof of sheep and goats. You can use the same tools for foot care of the llama and alpaca as are used for the feet of sheep and goats. The toenails of these animals can be trimmed
The camel's foot is flat and soft and divided into two. There is a toe nail at the end of each side.
Simple wounds can be treated with tincture of iodine (see Unit 73). If severe lameness occurs you must ask your veterinary officer for advice on treatment.
Sometimes the camel's foot can be covered with thick cloth or leather to stop the swelling becoming worse.
|The camel's foot is adapted for sandy soils and can be described as a tyre filled with fat instead of air. |
In these days the camel walks on tarred, hard surfaced roads and ground which is littered with sharp objects such as nails, wire and broken glass. These may cause damage to the foot and result in lameness.
Llamas and the alpaca have two toes on the foot with toe nails which vow like the hoof of sheen and gnats.
The camel's foot is flat and soft and divided into two. There is a toe nail at the end of each side.