Thursday, June 24, 2010
Providing and offering-:
* Regular Feeding schedule, ....daily
* regular dental checks
* adequate worming
* providing a good water supply of clean water
* making any changes in diet gradually
* a regular exercise regime, if space is limited, take alpacas for walks, they just love it, if not, make access to a larger paddock
* feeding good quality feed, lucerne is one of the alpacas favourite, althoug I recommend lucerne chaff, as there is less wastage, make sure the feed is not mouldy, or musty* do not overgraze pastures
* regular rotation is essential of your paddocks.
* if space is restrictive, Pick up Poo piles regularly
* Regular Body scoring, this is essential if you do not have scales to weigh your alpacas regularly, at the same time just roll your hand over the body just feeling for any lumps, or abcesses.
* good record keeping
* regularly check in ears, (looking for grime guild up, which could mean mites).
* regularly check between the toes when you cjip their toe nails.
* if in doubt, always call your vet....other alpaca owners will always assist, but may not have the knowledge or experience your vet has....he is always your no 1 call
* check fences to make sure there are no sharp ends that could injure, and the fences are able to keep your stock in, and predators out.
Enjoy your alpacas.
I think this is very educational, for those who live in areas where TB can be a problem.
I know it is easy for me to make comments, as we do not have TB in Australia.
I just believe education is a major key in combating this problem.
The more assistance we can give those who have been affected, and for their brave efforts to educate, asist and support emotionally.
Thank you to these brave and honest people.
http://bovinetb.blogspot.com/2010/06/blog-post.htmlas an article by Diane, as she said this is the moral and ethical thing to do.
I take my hat off to these people who have tirelessly worked so hard to assist others.
Wednesday, June 23, 2010
This time of year again, In Southern parts of Australia, we have to really be vigilant about Vitamin D deficiency.
resulting in Rickets.
Vitamin D deficiency is a problem that affects alpacas far more commonly than other species.
Normally UV light acts on Vitamin D prescursors in an animals skin to make Vitamin D which is then stored in the liver.
A combination of a high Vitamin D requirement, thick fleece and low UV levels during autumn, and winter makes alpacas susceptible to this condition.
While more common in younger animals it will occassionally affect adults.
Signs include stiffness, lameness and failure of crias to grow.
Prevention involves giving an injection of Vitamin D3.
In Victoria, we are able to obtain a product called Vitadec.
We prefer Vitamin D3, which is a concentradted pure D3 product, but you can use Vitamind ADE combinations.
Vitamin D injections should be given on the 1st of May, 1st July, and 1st September, It is not normally rewquired over the summer months.
This is because the fleece is usually shorn, and there is less cloud cover.
The act of binding oneself by a social, legal, or moral tie
An obligation to give duty of care to any What does having a duty of care to animals mean?
Dairy farmer with cows and bale of hay
Meeting your duty of care includes providing appropriate feed.
The duty of care is based on the internationally-recognised ‘five freedoms’ of animal welfare.
Having a duty of care for an animal that you are in charge of means you are legally obliged to care for it by providing for its needs in a reasonable way for:
* food and water
* accommodation or living conditions
* the display of normal behavioural patterns
* treatment of disease and injury * handling the animal.
The Animal Care and Protection Act 2001 states that in deciding what is 'appropriate', regard must be given to:
* the species, environment, and circumstances of the animal (e.g. the age of the animal and where it lives)
* what steps a reasonable person would take in the circumstances.
People in charge of livestock need to understand some of the special circumstances that may apply to the duty of care for livestock.
It doesn’t matter why you are in charge of the animal, what you are using it for or how long the animal is in your care - if you are in charge of an animal, you have a duty of care to that animal.
Lack of proper care leads to neglect and animal suffering, and you may breached your legal duty of care.The animal’s owner, for example, is responsible for deciding what (if any) treatment that the veterinarian offers is given. The veterinarian is responsible for providing the owner with information on the animal welfare consequences of such decisions. If an animal suffers because of a decision (or lack of decision) by the owner who has been informed of the possible consequences, the owner is the responsible person.
the owner is responsible for the animal. A lack of ability to pay does not pass that responsibility to the veterinarian.
What does the ‘duty of care’ mean?
“Duty of care” is a legal phrase which means that someone has an obligation to do something. Prior to the Animal Welfare Act 2006, people only had a duty to ensure that an animal didn’t suffer unnecessarily. The new Act keeps this duty but also imposes a broader duty of care on anyone responsible for an animal to take reasonable steps to ensure that the animal’s needs are met. This means that a person has to look after the animal’s welfare as well as ensure that it does not suffer. The Act says that an animal’s welfare needs include:
* a suitable environment (how it is housed);
* a suitable diet (what it eats and drinks);
* the ability to exhibit normal behaviour patterns;
* any need it has to be housed with, or apart from, other animals; and * protection from pain, suffering, injury and disease.All people who have animals in their care have a responsibility to ensure that they have adequate knowledge, training and skills to apply in the protection of the welfare of animals. These people have an enduring obligation to seek expert assistance where necessary to ensure the welfare of animals.
I feel Duty of care when breeding alpacas.
IS the Owners responsibility, to make sure the alpaca is wormed regularly, or at least a faecal test to make sure the alpacs has not a worm burden, to innoculate against colostrial diseases, give vitamin ADE when indicated by the area or country you live in.Veterinary care should be given if necessary, and if uncertain about any reactions, or symptoms, call a vet immediately.Adequate housing and protection should be offered especially after been shorn, from all adverse weather conditions.
Adequare and safe transportation of the alpaca, ensueing the alpaca is able to get fresh air, is moved safely, there are no sharp objects in the area he is being transported in.
and is not exposed to exhaust fumes.
Access to freash, feed............no mouldy feed.
this is the obligation and responsibility of the owner, to make sure these vital needs of the alpaas are met.
Ownership is when the contract is signed, like a house contract, the responsibility, ongligation and ownership takes place on the signing of a sale contract.
Wednesday, June 16, 2010
Tuesday, June 15, 2010
I have been given a copy of the notes, and it looks as though it was a huge success.
How i would have liked going to Spain.
Hope i get another chance one day.
FIRST THING EVERY MORNING, ELYSE CHECKS ON ALL THE ALPACAS, AND MAKES SURE THERE ARE NO NEW SURPRISES.
BECAUSE OF THE BUSH FIRES LAST YEAR, WE DID NOT MATE NORMAL TIMES, AND WE ARE CURRENTLY HAVING BABIES NOW.
WE HAVE HAD SO MUCH RAIN, OUR SOIL IS NOW WATERLOGGED, AND WE HAVE POOLS OF WATER ALL OVER, ALTHOUGH WE ARE ON TOP OF A HILL, IT IS LIKE A LITTLE PLATEAU, AND AS YOU CAN SEE IT IS FAIRLY FLAT IN THIS PADDOCK, THANK GOODNESS FOR THE LARGE CYPRESS HEDGES, SOME OF THESE TREES DATE BACK OVER 180 YEARS, THAT IS OLD FOR AUSTRALIAN TERMS.
Outbreaks of foot and mouth disease (FMD) in Asia highlights that Australia needs to be continually on-guard to remain free of the FMD scourge.
This outline of the current world FMD status is provided by Animal Health Australia's Farm Biosecurity team... Foot and mouth disease is top of the list of the most unwanted livestock diseases.
It's often forgotten that Australia has had FMD three times - fortunately, on each occasion in the 1800s the virus failed to become established, and to this day Australia remains FMD-free.
However, this highly contagious virus is endemic in the Middle East, Africa, Asia and South America, and occurs sporadically in Europe. The 2001 outbreak in Great Britain still haunts - 2,000 cases of FMD were confirmed and 4,000,000 animals were slaughtered as part of the control effort.
FMD causes fever, followed by the development of blisters chiefly in the mouth and on the feet. It only affects cloven-hoofed animals including cattle, buffalo, camels, sheep, goats, deer and pigs.
Global FMD status
The most recent cases have been in Guangdong province, eastern China, where more than 8,300 pigs have been destroyed to control disease spread. This follows previous outbreaks in western China, where many hundreds of cattle, sheep and goats were destroyed. Earlier, in January 2010, South Korean authorities worked to control an outbreak which first arose on a dairy farm.
In 2009, FMD outbreaks were reported in Angola, Botswana, China, Egypt, Nigeria, Palestine, South Africa, Vietnam and South Korea. It is likely that other cases were not reported.
In all, over 2000 livestock were destroyed in 2009 while an estimated 132,800 animals were susceptible to infection. For more, see: http://www.oie.int/eng/info_ev/en_FMDHome.htm
A range of biosecurity measures are in place to prevent FMD entering Australia. Strict quarantine declarations for travelers and food imports apply at all Australian entry points and all Australian governments and livestock industries regularly review their preparedness procedures.
The most probable way the virus would enter the country is via food products (such as sausages, cured or salted meats and cheeses) made overseas from meat or milk from an infected animal. If food scraps containing FMD virus are fed to livestock, the disease can establish. Pigs are very high risk, and for this reason, swill feeding of pigs is banned.
Farm biosecurity for FMD
Primary producers have a special role in preventing an FMD outbreak by ensuring that a source of the virus does not come into direct contact with livestock.
Even so, all people who work in farming areas or industries need to be aware of disease spread risks factors and the biosecurity measures that provide protection.
A biosecurity checklist can be used to prevent on farm spread:
do not feed swill to pigs - it is illegal in Australia
meet all import requirements on imported food products and genetic material
assess farm visitors on their level of FMD risk and maintain records
restrict visitor access to livestock areas to necessary contact only
ensure clothing and equipment are clean (and disinfected) before entering a property
regularly check livestock for changes in health and behavior
report any unusual behavior or signs of disease: 1800 675 888 - Emergency Animal Disease Watch Hotline
More FMD biosecurity measure information is at: www.farmbiosecurity.com.au
Australia's efforts to understand and manage FMD are spearheaded by the Australian Animal Health Laboratory (AAHL). Dr Martyn Jeggo, Director of AAHL, says AAHL scientists are actively involved in offshore research in several countries where FMD exists. The live virus is never brought into Australia.
This work assists Australian planning and preparedness for FMD, aims to reduce disease risks and outbreaks in those countries, and assists the development of control tools such as vaccines.
Potential massive losses
A Productivity Commission Research Report - Impact of a Foot and Mouth Disease Outbreak on Australia - found that the cumulative losses of export revenue from immediate suspension of all exported livestock products such as meat, wool and dairy products could equate to a loss of A$13 billion over a 12-month outbreak. Control of an outbreak has been costed at between A$30 - $450 million.
If you suspect FMD: You must call your veterinarian, state or territory government animal health authority or the Emergency Animal Disease Watch Hotline on 1800 675 888.
Remember, FMD is a reportable disease in Australia - call 1800 675 888.
FMD key facts:
FMD is caused by a virus, commonly spread by contact between infected and susceptible animals. However, it can also travel in the air and in food products, on clothes and in the respiratory tracts of animals and humans - NB: Humans are rarely affected by the FMD virus and symptoms are mild.
Many FMD outbreaks have started by feeding pigs with infected animal meat or milk products: it is illegal to swill feed pigs in Australia.
The virus can travel 60 km downwind on land, and up to 200 km over water. It can persist in fodder and the environment for up to 1 month.
The incubation period is typically 3 to 5 days.
There is no treatment for infected livestock. Virus eradication is achieved by slaughtering affected and in-proximity animals, stopping animal movements, surveillance, rapid reporting and fast diagnosis. * Vaccination of healthy animals is possible but is short-lived. Advances in molecular biology hold the promise for better, cheaper, and more stable vaccines.
Saturday, June 12, 2010
(Stefano x Cristiano combination to perfection)
MId 18 4.1 22.6 99.5 16 10/5/10 at 16 mths on second fleece
Pin 17.5 3.8 21.7 100 15.8 10/5/10
16.5 3.4 20.9 100 15.1 10/5/10
Thursday, June 3, 2010
Wednesday, June 2, 2010
A new registry for European Alpacas.
And a new association.
Benelux Alpaca Federationhttp://baf-fba.be/bafSite/en the sites are in 4 languages, and i know alot of effort and work by volunteers have gone into making this happen.
I wish the associations and registries alot of success.